For this church:
Gotham St Lawrence
N. E. Boyle, Old Parish Churches and how to view them (1969), pp. 5-9.
Nickalaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England , Nottinghamshire (1979), 2nd ed. rev. by Elizabeth Williamson, pp.133-4.
John Henry Parker, A Concise Glossary of ARCHITECTURAL TERMS (1896, Oxford, reprinted 1991), pp. 263-4. Sqinch or Sconce, small arches or projecting courses of stone formed across the angles of towers ... to support the alternate sides of octagonal spires, lanterns etc above. ...
E L Guilford [Ed.], Memorials of Old Notts: Nottinghamshire Spires (1912), pp. 271, 274-6.
Register of le Romeyn, York 1296-96 (Surtees Society 128, 1917), ii, p.285. Bond from the rector of Gotham to the architect. Memorandum quod magister Petrus de Leck’ rector ecclesie de Gotham, promisit se quinto nonar Julii anno pontificatus (3 July 1299) saluturum domino decem libras sterlingorum in esto sancti Petri ad vincula ... dominus remisit sibi omnes articulos qui inventi; fuerunt in visitacione sua facta in archidiaconatu Nottinghamie. Which I take to mean: A note that Master (a cleric. with a Master’s degree) Peter of Le[a]ke himself promised on the 3rd of July 1299 [at the audience room of the architect?] ten pounds of sterling in let it be St Peter’s Chains, ie Lammas Day (1st of August) ... the architect released to him all the [drawings, articles, clauses which were provided?]; they having been made by him at the archdeacons office during the course of the visitation at Nottingham.
H Thurstan and D Attwater Eds. Butler’s Lives of the Saints (Aberdeen, 1956), vol. 3, pp. 297-9.
John Ecton, Thesaurus Rerum Ecclesiasticarum (1742). Being an account of all the ECCLESIASTICAL BENEFICES in the several dioceses in England and Wales as they now stand chargeable with, or lately were discharged from the payment of First Fruits & tenths & Patrons to the several benefices and the Dedication of the churches. John Ecton esq. Late Receiver General of the TENTHS of the clergy.
This viewpoint of the faces carved at the base of the chancel arch was suggested by Sybil Dabell, a churchwarden of this church.
W Stretton. The Stretton Manuscripts (Nottingham, 1910), p. 95.
George Baker, The History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton (John Bowyer Nichols, 1822-30), vol. 1, p.161. Sir Roger de St Andrew first married Agnes, daughter of Richard de Grey of Sandiacre, then Agnes, daughter of Sir Gervasse de Clifton of Clifton co. Notts., and thirdly a widow, Matilda, heiress of John Partrell of Wistrow, co. Notts.
John Nichols, The History and Antiquities of Leicester (1815), vol. I, pt. II, p. 284.
At the Conquest the brothers Hugo and Boselin de Dive were in the service of William, count of Mortain. In 1086 Boselin de Dive’s son William was a tenant of land in Sussex [Victoria County History Suss. vol. 1, p. 380.] and elsewhere [VCH War. Vol. 1 p. 304.] and of two houses in Northampton [Domesday Book 219 a ] from the holding of Countess Judith and Odo, bishop of Bayeaux and brother of the count of Mortain. Whether Hugh I de Dive of Gotham was the son of this William is uncertain but the details of the genealogy of Hugh’s descendants, who held land in Northamptonshire and in Gotham, show that the names Hugh and William alternate in each generation. [Northants. Rec.. Soc.. Sir Christopher Hatton’s Book of Seals vol. XV, pp. 108-9. See also the descendants of Ralph, brother of Hugh II de Dive. [VCH Camb. Vol. 5, p.165.]
J T Godfrey, Notes on the Churches of Nottinghamshire. The Hundred of Rushcliffe (1881), pp. 105-10.
His death cannot be in 1210 as stated in Baker’s pedigree as Agnes who was the wife of Hugh de Dive is required to pay a fine of 40 marks in 1207-8 and supply one palfrey to the king ‘quod non distringatur ad se maritandum’ that is she should not be distrained to marry. Pipe Roll Society, 1207-8, vol. 22, New Series, p. 136. The debt was finally paid in 1214-15, see volume 35, NS.
Advowson, the right of presentation to a vacant benefice, in this case to the ecclesiastical living.
Thoroton Rec.Ser. Lenton Priory estate accounts 1296-8 (1959), vol. XIX.
Feudal Aid p. 103, (1302-3), p.124. [Doubleday Index, Nottingham Library.]
J T Godfrey, History of the Parish and Priory of Lenton (1884).
J T Godfrey, Notes on the Churches of Nottinghamshire. The Hundred of Rushcliffe (1881), pp. 103-4.
Calendar of Papal Letters ii, 517.
Canterbury and York Society (1988), vol. 76, 228, p. 137.
Canterbury and York Society (1988), vol. 76, 227, p. 132-7.
D Marcombe and J Hamilton editors, Sanctity and Scandal. The Medieval Religious Houses of Nottinghamshire (1998), p.65.
VC.H Cambs. Vol. 5, p. 180.
1228 - 1537 Catholic rectors.
Godfrey, listing the rectors of Gotham follows Torre as his source, giving the patrons of Robert of Nottingham as coheirs of William de Dyve. [p. 103]. Thoroton was also convinced that the father of the three daughters was William. However, Godfrey later asserts in a footnote that ‘... Thoroton makes a mistake in calling them the daughters of William Dyve. They were his granddaughters, as stated in the pedigree in Baker’s Northamptonshire, vol. I, p. 160. ...’ Current thinking agrees with this cf: I J Sanders, English Baronies: a study of their origin and descent 1086-1337 (Oxford, 1960), pp. 19-20, and the various Cambridgeshire Victoria County Histories, e.g., vol. 5, pp. 141, 180; vol. 8, p.254.
Calendar of Inquisitions. Misc. 1219-1307, vol. 1, pp. 259, 546. Sir Maurice Powicke in his history of the 13th century, cited below, stated that by ‘... an ordinance of 17 September , ... The lands and tenements of every accomplice (fautor) of Earl Simon were taken into the king’s hands. ...’ The Oxford History of England. (Oxford, 2nd Reprt. 1984), vol.4, p. 204.
R Thoroton (and J Throsby), The Antiquities of Nottinghamshire (1790), vol. 1, pp. 38, 40, 41 and Miscellaneous Inquisitions 1219-1307 vol. 1, p. 546 [No. 2030]
VC.H Lincs. Vol. 2, p. 89.
Close rolls 1227-1231 Hen. III, p.18.
Miscellaneous Inquisitions 1219-1307, vol. 1, p. 546 (No. 2030).
The heir of Agatha de Ratinden was her son John de Ratinden who in 1307 now held a reduced fee of Thomas, the present earl of Lancaster. This probably explains his decision to grant away the manor of Arrington, Cambridgeshire to John de Wauton, a former tenant (VC.H Cambs. Vol. 5, pp. 141-2.). Property which he held at Hinxton was also granted away (VC.H Cambs. Vol. 6, p. 222.).
Thoroton Rec.Ser. Abstracts of Inquisitiones Post Mortem, Nottinghamshire 1242-1321 (1914), vol. IV, p. 140.
Rev E L Cutts, Parish Priests and their people in the Middle Ages in England (1898), pp. 324-5. There were four minor orders: porter, the church doorkeeper; lector, who read the lesson; exorcist, and acolyte, who assisted at the alter.
Close rolls 1272-9 Edw. I, p. 66.
Ancient correspondence of the Chancery. List and Index, Kraus supplementary series [navy blue edge binding] vol. 15, (2), 7/22.
Reg. Wickwane, York ( SS 114, 1907), pp. 69, 84.
Reg. Sutton, Linc. i, fo. 403.
A B Emden, A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to AD 1500 (Oxford, vol. 2, F-O), p. 1129. References 44- 49 were taken from this source.
S Malone, Church of St Lawrence, Gotham, Nottinghamshire Watching Brief (1997) Trent and Peak Archaeological Trust.
Reg. R. Gravesend, Linc. (CYS), p. 105; Reg. Sutton, Linc. i. fo. 272v.
Reg. W. Giffard, York (SS 109, 1904) p. 89
Reg. Sutton, fo. 289; Reg. Dalderby, Linc. ii, fo. 198v.
Reg. Thomas of Corbridge 1300-04 (SS 138, 1925) i, vol. 138, p. 252.
Reg. Thomas of Corbridge 1300-04 (SS 138, 1925) i, vol. 138, p. 252.
Thoroton Rec.Ser. Abstracts of Inquisitiones Post Mortem, Nottinghamshire 1321-1350 (1939), vol. VI, pp. 28-9.
Merton College Records. 1047, 3659-60, 3665-6, 3668, 3671-2, 3674; Mert. Coll. Cat. Vetus, p. 9: Mem. Mert. Coll. (OHS), p. 206.
C. Pap. L. ii, 517. Fo. 168d. I Benedict XII. 2 Id April 1335, Avignon.
J. R. H. Moorman, Church Life in the Thirteenth Century (Cambridge, 1945), p. 5.
C. Pap. L.. iii, 249. 6 Clement VI. 8 Kal. Jan 1348.
B W Tuckman, A Distant Mirror. The calamitous 14th Century (1979), pp. 92-125.
Reg. W Zouch 1342-52 fo. clii.
C. Pat. Rolls 1358-61, p. 204 .
Reg. Thoresby, York xi, fo. 34, exchange, May 1354. [Sede Vacante Reg. York, pt ii, fo. 76v]
4 Urban V 1366, i, p. 516.
C.of Inq. Edward III, (1360) p.466-7 [No. 599].
C. Pap. L. ii, 543. fo. 227d. 3 Benedict XII. 5 Kal. Aug 1337, Avignon. Mandate to the bishop of Lincoln granting a dispensation to William Hunte, of Tonge.
C. Pat. Rolls 1381-85 pp. 90, 520.
Wills etc. in the Archbishops’ Registers at York, 1316-1822. Yorkshire Archeological Society (Wakefield, 1936), vol. xciii, pt. II; see also the Vicars-general register of Archbishop Arundel (1388-96), 14. F. 49, at the Borthwick Institute, York.
C. Pat. Rolls. 1391-96, p. 641. John Swyft , presented to the parish church of Gotham in 1395, in the diocese of York.
C. Pap. L. ii, 366.2 Boniface IX. 10 Kal. Dec. 1390.
C. Pap. L. vi, 294.6 Non Oct 1411.
C. Pap. L. vii, 260.6 Martin V. 2 Non Mar 1423, St Peter’s Rome, fo. 295d.
C. Pap. Petit. i, p. 453.1 Urban V 1363,
W H Stevenson, Records of the Borough of Nottingham (vol. I, 1882, vol. 2, 1883). Richard Samon was bailiff in 1352/3 and mayor in 1355/6; John Samon, mayor in 1361/2, 1365/6, 1370/1, 1375/6; his son John became mayor in 1378/9, 1383/4. In the next century John Samon was Mayor in 1407/8; his son Richard in 1418/9, 1422/3, 1428/9, 1432/3, 1451/2 and a Justice of the Peace during 1443.
Ibid. Records of the Borough of Nottingham 1399-1485 (1883), vol. 2, pp.405-6.
NAO. DD 4P/ 72/ Gotham presentations: 88/ 1 /2 Ketnall; 88/ 1/3 Rideware.
Catalogue of Ancient Deeds vol. 1, C 1746. [List and Index file/ 3 green.]
This case is mentioned in NAO DD /4P /72 /86.
Early Chancery Proceedings 1486-1493 no. 167/70 [List and Index file/ 3 green]
Emden A B A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to AD 1500 (Oxford, 1959) vol. 3, P-Z, p. 1664. Supplicated [petitioned] for BCnL [Bachelor of Canon Law] 18 May 1506, [O.U. Reg. G, fo. 17; Reg. Univ. Oxon. (OHS), i, 45]; DCnL by 1507. Rector of Gotham, Notts. adm. 15 Dec 1507 [Sede Vacante Reg. York, pt ii, fo. 524v].
Godfrey, p. 103; W White History, Gazeteer and Directory of Nottinghamshire (1844) p. 426.
NAO DD /4P /72 /78.
NAO DD /4P /72 /76.
Letters and Papers Henry VIII, xiii, pt. ii, 59.
J A Venn Alumni Cantabrigiensis, (Cambridge, 1922) pt I, vol. I, p.62. Quoting: Nichols I pt II I and III, 964; Burke L.G; Cooper I 20. Venn records that Thomas Babington became rector of Gotham in 1537 but as has been shown he was already rector in 1535 at the time the Valor Ecclesiasticus was commissioned.
1543-1660 Reformation and Interregnum rectors.
John Nichols, The History and Antiquities of Leicester (1800), vol. III, pt. I, p. 220.
NAO DD4P/72/83 Portland Papers.
Borthwick Institute, Admissions [at Gotham] 1545/28 a-h. a: William St Andrew to Alexander Armstrong ... 10 Aug 1524. b: Grant of next presentation from John St Andrew to Sir Edward Aston ... 6 Oct 1537. c: John St Andrew grant of next presentation to Sir Gervase Clyfton of Hodsock, knight and Hugh Crexy, gent. 4 Nov 1545. d: Letter to present Richard Walker from Edward Aston of Tyxall ... 5 Dec 1545. e: Richard Walker’s letter appointing proxies. ... 5 Dec 1545. f: Letter to present Thomas Waver, ... from John Sepham ... 8 Feb 1545/6. g: Presentation of Humphrey Wellys ... to Henry VIII ... 18 Feb 1545/6. h: Presentation by Henry VIII of Richard Walker ... 2 Apr 1546.
C. Pat. Rolls 1549 p. 206.
VC.H Notts. Vol. 2, p. 69.
Borthwick Institution, York. Visitation Court Book 1567-8 f. 29v. 57r.
NAO DD4P/72/88/1/7 Portland Papers.
NAO DDTS 14/26/1-25 Proc. of the Court of the Archdeaconry of Nottingham, 1565-1675, vol. 1, p. 9 of a transcript.
I am indebted to the late wife of Bob Hammond of Keyworth for this outline of John Lowthe’s life.
The reminiscences of John Louth were printed by J G Nichols Narratives of the Reformation (Camden Society, 1859) and his time as archdeacon of Nottingham is covered in detail in R A Marchant The Church under the Law: justice, administration and discipline in the diocese of York 1560 - 1640 (1969) pp. 147-97.
Borthwick Institution, York. Cause Paper. TRANS CP 1584/3.
NAO DD4P/72/88/1 Portland Papers. A somewhat different version claims that Clarkwell, being the sole survivor ‘did present Ric[hard] Dod[d].’ See: NAO DD4P/72/83 Portland Papers.
J Foster Alumni Oxeniensis 1500-1714 (Liechenstein, 1968) vol. I, p. 410, quoting J Foster Index Ecclesiasticus & Oxford History Society.
NAO DDTS 14/26/1-25 Proc. of the Court of the Archdeaconry of Nottingham, 1565-1675 vol. 2, p. 286 of a transcript.
Thoroton Transactions Vol. 46.
J Foster Alumni Oxeniensis 1500-1714 (Liechenstein, 1968) vol. II, p. 1317, quoting J Foster Inns of Court Reg., and Bloxham Magdalen Coll. Reg.
NAO DD/4P/72/82 Portland Papers.
J Foster Alumni Oxeniensis 1500-1714 (Liechenstein, 1968) vol. II, p. 1665, quoting J Foster Index Ecclesiasticus.
J A Venn Alumni Cantabrigiensis, (Cambridge, 1922) pt I, vol. II, quoting:(Al. Oxon.)
NAO DD4P/72/79 & 80 Portland Papers.
NAO DDTS 14/26/1-25 Proc. of the Court of the Archdeaconry of Nottingham, 1565-1675 vol. 2, p. 312 of a transcript.
NAO DDTS 14/26/1-25 Proc. of the Court of the Archdeaconry of Nottingham, 1565-1675 vol. 3, p. 408 of a transcript.
NAO DDTS 14/26/1-25 Proc. of the Court of the Archdeaconry of Nottingham, 1565-1675, vol. 3, p. 458 of a transcript.
R A Marchant Restoration of Nottinghamshire Churches 1635-40 (Thoroton Soc. 1961) vol. 65.
Godfrey p. x-xii.
1663-1915 The early industrial era to the first World War.
J A Venn, Alumni Cantabrigiensis (Cambridge, 1922), pt I, vol. II. See also Burrows, Register of the visitors of the University of Oxford 1647-58, quoted in J Foster, Alumni Oxoniensis (Liechenstein, 1968), vol. 1, p. 528.
J Foster, Alumni Oxeniensis 1500-1714 (Liechenstein, 1968), vol. I, p. 377, quoting J Foster, Index Ecclesiasticus.
M H Barker, Walks round Nottingham (1835), p. 230. The wall inscription to William Danvers is obscure and the town in Oxfordshire from which he states the ancient family of Danvers originate could not now be identified with certainty, however, it is due to Barker’s visit to Gotham church before 1835 that the town is known to be Banbury. See for example VCH Oxons (1969), vol. 9, pp. 6, 11, 17 etc. Adderbury in Bloxham Hundred just south of Banbury where members of this family lived.
J A Venn, Alumni Cantabrigiensis, pt I, vol. I, p.215. Quoting: Thoroton I 43.
The Concise Dictionary of National Biography, vol. I, p. 502. William Cavendish, duke of Newcastle was the son of Sir Charles Cavendish of Welbeck. Created viscount Mansfield, 1620, earl of Newcastle, 1628, marquis in 1643 and duke in March 1665.
Tanner Manuscripts, 150, fo. 120. Transcribed by E L Guildford in Thoroton Transactions (1924) vol.28, P.110.
Borthwick Institute, York. Faculty 1769/4. Granted to Samuel Martin, rector, who wished to remove the excessive number of farm buildings next to the rectory.
J A Venn, Alumni Cantabrigiensis (Cambridge, 1922), pt I, vol. I, p.215.
Charity Report xxi (1829), p. 447.
York Archeological Society (1930), Rec. Ser. lxxvii p. 60.
NAO PR 841 Gotham. Fiche 2 of 17 of the parish registers of Gotham.
NAO PR 841 After the burials of 1785.
Stint. To assign a limited amount of (common) pasturage to a person.
NAO DD/4P/72/92. Portland Papers.
W P W Phillimore (ed), County Pedigrees, Nottinghamshire (c1910), vol 1, pt. iv, pp. 326-38.
I am grateful for the help given by Miss Teresa Kiersnowska in translating this text.
J T Godfrey, Notes on the Churches of Nottinghamshire. Hundred of Rushcliffe (Nottingham, 1887), p. 104.
J Foster, Alumni Oxiensis (1888), vol. 3, p. 852.
Act Books of the Archbishop of Canterbury. 1663-1859. xi. 158.
NAO PR 10285. The burial register at Sutton cum Lound does not record the death of John Lightfoot, indeed they show no evidence of his presence during 1777-88. The register is neatly kept by Thomas Waddington, curate with a copy of the terrier for 1782 at the back of the register, again with no mention of the name of the vicar.
Personal communication from the Royal Society, 15 November 2000, 8741 C802/GER.
Godfrey, ibid. p.114.
W Stretton, The Stretton Manuscripts (Nottingham,1910), p.95.
M H Barker, Walks round Nottingham (1835), p. 231.
Memorial plaque in the chancel.
M H Barker, Walks round Nottingham (1835), p. 230.
CERO. Articles of Enquiry, 1832, Gotham. [F58.346].
NAO PR 6703. Gotham Vestry Minute Book c1828-47. J J Vaughan attended his first vestry meeting on 16 October 1832. None of the previous recorded meetings were attended by the rector or curate.
J C Cox, Churches of Nottinghamshire (1912), p.99.
W Stretton, The Stretton Manuscripts (Nottingham,1910), p.95.
NAO PR 842. Following the 1812 burials in the burial register for Gotham 1785-1813 there is a list of all subscribers who donated £1 or more to the organ memorial fund in memory of Earl Howe. It totals £136.
Leic. Arch. Trans. iii (1874), p. 374.
CERO 58340 Gotham pt. I 12419. 1870. letter and agreement between Vaughan, rector and Thomlinson and Salkeld, plaster manufacturers.
LRO NRL 24/1 1859.
W White, History Gazetteer and Directory of Nottinghamshire (1844), p. 425.
LRO NRL 29/27 1875.
CERO 58340 Gotham pt. 4/5 53179. 1878. Sale of 43 acres of fee-simple land in Keyworth.
Godfrey, p.111. The vault lies under the carpet that covers the central aisle. Godfrey mentions a large brass plate inscribed as follows: ‘Thou hast made him most blessed for ever.’ To the beloved memory of my father the Revd. John James Vaughan MA. 46 years Rector of this parish Vicar of Ratcliffe upon Soar and Rural Dean eldest son of the Right Honble. Sir John Vaughan Knight one of the Justices of Her Majesty’s Court of Common Pleas Born March 9th 1809 Fell asleep in Jesus Novr. 17th 1881 and is interred in the vault beneath together with Lucy his first wife daughter of Paynton Pigott Stainsby Conant Esqe. Born July 8th 1806 Fell asleep June 12th 1840 Paynton Le Marchant his third and youngest son Born Sept. 24th 1838 Fell asleep Novr. 1853 and Mary his second wife, daughter of R. Hawgood Crew relict of Henry Tredcroft Esqe. Born Augt 24th 1795 Fell asleep June 3rd 1872 ‘When He who is our life shall appear then shall they also appear with him in glory.’ The tablet is erected by his daughter Isabella Margaret Ainsworth.
J A Venn, Alumni Cantabrigiensis (Cambridge, 1954), pt II, vol. III, p.549, quoting Venn II, 351; Burke, P and B (sub Kimberley); Crockfords.
The Deanery Magazine [West Bingham] March 1894, 1895. See also: Nottingham and Notts Illustrated (1898), pp. 67-8. This article is about W J Furse, Electric Light Contractors, Burton Street Nottingham and includes a photograph of men on the scaffolding at the top of the spire.
NAO: DR1/1/5/3 p.26. Gotham, 29 September 1914.
NAO DR 1/1/12/14. Southwell Diocesan Magazine.
Nottingham newspaper article, 21 February 1942. Notable Notts. Anniversaries. Worthies who have left their mark on city and county in many forms of activity.
1915-2000 The modern church.
Crockfords Clerical Directory (1918), p.128; (1927-8); (1938) p. 553.
Southwell Diocesan Magazine (Nottingham, 1929), vol. 2 ns. 5 p. 139. NAO: DR 1/1/12/14.
Kelly, Nottinghamshire Trade Directory (1922), p. 77.
J C Cox, Churches of Notts (1912), p. 99. Annotated copy in Southwell Minster library.
West Bingham Deanery Magazine (Nottingham, 1927), January.
Southwell Diocesan Magazine (Nottingham, 1929), vol. 2 ns. p. 139. NAO: DR 1/1/12/14.
Southwell Diocesan Magazine (Nottingham, 1930), vol. 3 ns. 1 p. 31. NAO: DR 1/1/12/14.
NAO: PR 21404.
Quinquennial Inspection of Gotham Church (Mar. 1957), Broadhurst F A & Royle architects.
West Bridgford Standard (18 Dec 1964).
Southwell Diocesan Magazine (Nottingham, 1933), vol. 6 ns. p. 62. NAO: DR 1/1/12/14
Nottingham Evening Post (5 Jun. 19 Aug. 6 Sep. 1980).
A personal communication from David Gorick has provided considerable information for these last few paragraphs.